First chapter of WolF Hall

Across the Narrow Sea
PUTNEY, 1500

So now get up.”

Felled, dazed, silent, he has fallen; knocked full length on the cobbles of the yard. His head turns sideways; his eyes are turned toward the gate, as if someone might arrive to help him out. One blow, properly placed, could kill him now.

Blood from the gash on his head–which was his father’s first effort–is trickling across his face. Add to this, his left eye is blinded; but if he squints sideways, with his right eye he can see that the stitching of his father’s boot is unraveling. The twine has sprung clear of the leather, and a hard knot in it has caught his eyebrow and opened another cut.

“So now get up!” Walter is roaring down at him, working out where to kick him next. He lifts his head an inch or two, and moves forward, on his belly, trying to do it without exposing his hands, on which Walter enjoys stamping. “What are you, an eel?” his parent asks. He trots backward, gathers pace, and aims another kick.

It knocks the last breath out of him; he thinks it may be his last. His forehead returns to the ground; he lies waiting, for Walter to jump on him. The dog, Bella, is barking, shut away in an outhouse. I’ll miss my dog, he thinks. The yard smells of beer and blood. Someone is shouting, down on the riverbank. Nothing hurts, or perhaps it’s that everything hurts, because there is no separate pain that he can pick out. But the cold strikes him, just in one place: just through his cheekbone as it rests on the cobbles.

“Look now, look now,” Walter bellows. He hops on one foot, as if he’s dancing. “Look what I’ve done. Burst my boot, kicking your head.”

Inch by inch. Inch by inch forward. Never mind if he calls you an eel or a worm or a snake. Head down, don’t provoke him. His nose is clotted with blood and he has to open his mouth to breathe. His father’s momentary distraction at the loss of his good boot allows him the leisure to vomit. “That’s right,” Walter yells. “Spew everywhere.” Spew everywhere, on my good cobbles. “Come on, boy, get up. Let’s see you get up. By the blood of creeping Christ, stand on your feet.”

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We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

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Confederacy Articles

  1. Establishes the name of the confederation with these words: “The stile of this confederacy shall be ‘The United States of America.'”

  2. Asserts the sovereignty of each state, except for the specific powers delegated to the confederation government: “Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom, and independence, and every power, jurisdiction, and right, which is not by this Confederation expressly delegated.”

  3. Declares the purpose of the confederation: “The said States hereby severally enter into a firm league of friendship with each other, for their common defense, the security of their liberties, and their mutual and general welfare, binding themselves to assist each other, against all force offered to, or attacks made upon them, or any of them, on account of religion, sovereignty, trade, or any other pretense whatever.”

  4. Elaborates upon the intent “to secure and perpetuate mutual friendship and intercourse among the people of the different States in this union,” and to establish equal treatment and freedom of movement for the free inhabitants of each state to pass unhindered between the states, excluding “paupersvagabonds, and fugitives from justice.” All these people are entitled to equal rights established by the state into which they travel. If a crime is committed in one state and the perpetrator flees to another state, he will be extradited to and tried in the state in which the crime was committed.

  5. Allocates one vote in the Congress of the Confederation (the “United States in Congress Assembled”) to each state, which is entitled to a delegation of between two and seven members. Members of Congress are to be appointed by state legislatures. No congressman may serve more than three out of any six years.

  6. Only the central government may declare war, or conduct foreign political or commercial relations. No state or official may accept foreign gifts or titles, and granting any title of nobility is forbidden to all. No states may form any sub-national groups. No state may tax or interfere with treaty stipulations already proposed. No state may wage war without permission of Congress, unless invaded or under imminent attack on the frontier; no state may maintain a peacetime standing army or navy, unless infested by pirates, but every State is required to keep ready, a well-trained, disciplined, and equipped militia.

  7. Whenever an army is raised for common defense, the state legislatures shall assign military ranks of colonel and below.

  8. Expenditures by the United States of America will be paid with funds raised by state legislatures, and apportioned to the states in proportion to the real property values of each.

  9. Powers and functions of the United States in Congress Assembled.

    • Grants to the United States in Congress assembled the sole and exclusive right and power to determine peace and war; to exchange ambassadors; to enter into treaties and alliances, with some provisos; to establish rules for deciding all cases of captures or prizes on land or water; to grant letters of marque and reprisal (documents authorizing privateers) in times of peace; to appoint courts for the trial of pirates and crimes committed on the high seas; to establish courts for appeals in all cases of captures, but no member of Congress may be appointed a judge; to set weights and measures (including coins), and for Congress to serve as a final court for disputes between states.

    • The court will be composed of jointly appointed commissioners or Congress shall appoint them. Each commissioner is bound by oath to be impartial. The court’s decision is final.

    • Congress shall regulate the post offices; appoint officers in the military; and regulate the armed forces.

    • The United States in Congress assembled may appoint a president who shall not serve longer than one year per three-year term of the Congress.

    • Congress may request requisitions (demands for payments or supplies) from the states in proportion with their population, or take credit.

    • Congress may not declare war, enter into treaties and alliances, appropriate money, or appoint a commander in chief without nine states assented. Congress shall keep a journal of proceedings and adjourn for periods not to exceed six months.

  10. When Congress is in recess, any of the powers of Congress may be executed by “The committee of the states, or any nine of them”, except for those powers of Congress which require nine states in Congress to execute.

  11. If “Canada” (as the British-held Province of Quebec was also known) accedes to this confederation, it will be admitted.[15] No other colony could be admitted without the consent of nine states.

  12. Reaffirms that the Confederation accepts war debt incurred by Congress before the existence of the Articles.

  13. Declares that the Articles shall be perpetual, and may be altered only with the approval of Congress and the ratification of all the state legislatures

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CCW Characters

  1. 2nd generation immigrant woman cotton plantation
  2. 2nd generation immigrant woman farmer’s daughter and politicians  daughter
  3. Male native Indian
  4. Black slave
  5. Confederacy general
  6. Female native woman
  7. Manual worker Union soldier
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First paragraph of Tess of D’Uberville

On an evening in the latter part of May a middle-aged man was walking homeward from Shaston to the village of Marlott, in the adjoining Vale of Blakemore or Blackmoor. The pair of legs that carried him were rickety, and there was a bias in his gait which inclined him somewhat to the left of a straight line. He occasionally gave a smart nod, as if in confirmation of some opinion, though he was not thinking of anything in particular. An empty egg-basket was slung upon his arm, the nap of his hat was ruffled, a patch being quite worn away at its brim where his thumb came in taking it off. Presently he was met by an elderly parson astride on a gray mare, who, as he rode, hummed a wandering tune.

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RV Characters

  1. minority woman
  2. free female household worker
  3. female plantation worker
  4. free Black man loyalist
  5. Male plantation worker on the run
  6. Personal wallet double agent spy
  7. Male farmer plantation heir
  8. Planter’s son
  9. Wealthy plantation heiress
  10. Planter’s niece future daughter-in-law


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Rough draft

“As usual I accompanied my Master. everywhere he went the day of April 23rd was no different. When the Democratic National Convention was held in the South Carolina Institute Hall, Front Street Theater in Chicago I happened to be there and witnessed the entire thing.” George retold the events to his good friend the Cherokee Indian named Unaduti a few days later on a day in late April 1860.
The older Cherokee Indian looked at the Black younger man and nodded slowly, as they sat outside in the grass behind the estate in Missouri, St Louis. The odd pair of friends was a most peculiar sight. U was the only Cherokee Indian in Missouri. He soon became friends with a Black slave named George. George was as grateful for Unaduti as the older native Indian appeared to be. Unaduti became a familiar sight that the residents of Pemberley eventually got used to. He, Unaduti had been a very lonely man – that was before he happened to cross paths with George while he had been passing through the state of Missouri. They both considered being each other’s friends to the point that George no longer could imagine his life without his Cherokee friend. Unaduti was not as dependent as the younger man was. Unlike George, he was never truly lonely – always surrounded by the spirits of the Cherokee tribe. Yet he appreciated that he now had a friend that could teach him the ways of the White man.
“What he –  say next?” Inquired U and turned his head towards George. Even though the Cherokee Indian was much older than George he was sitting with a straight back, and bare feet in a Lotus position.
“He said he wanted to nominate someone – a Mr. Stephen Douglas I think.” Replied George as he chewed some tobacco. He was younger, sitting on his knees near his Native Indian friend. He was impressed that his older friend appeared to be in such a good health. George had never been able to sit flat on the ground – not even with crossed feet.
“I’ve heard the name Stephen Douglas mentioned before – he seems to believe in popular sovereignty. At the same time, he believes each state should get to decide if they want to accept slavery or abolish it.” Unaduti said in an ominous voice.
“Do you think I should be worried, Unaduti? Asked George in a concerned voice.
“Yes, George – I should be worried about my future if I were you. I am worried for you now, my friend.” Continued Unaduti.
“I know my Master – he would never support a man like that.” Exclaimed George.
“Are you sure George- haven’t your Master’s family kept slaves since the American Revolution? Inquired U.
“Hee has yes, but I think Master is different – I even consider him my friend,” George stated.
“What happened next, George?” Asked U.
“Another man seemed to get upset by my Master’s words. He refused to accept that John Bell’s name then loud, upset voices were spread around the room followed by whispers and murmurs. Next thing everyone got up and left the room in anger.” Retold George.
“By the sound of it sounds as if they couldn’t support your Master’s suggestion. I think I heard that some men who refused to vote will meet instead in Chicago, Illinois, and a Wigwam,” remembered Unaduti.
“You wouldn’t have happened to be there, would you U?” George asked in an emotional voice.
“On the contrary, my friend, fortunately, I was there but I don’t think anyone noticed me.” Confessed U.
“Then please, Unaduti tell me what you saw and heard!” Exclaimed George.
“My friend, of course, I want to tell you – but not until you calm down. Whispered U.
“I am sorry, U – my emotions got the best of me.” Stated George.
“Can you remain calm – long enough for me to tell you what happened inside Wigwam? Then I will be happy to tell you what happened.” Promised U.
“Do you promise U? You must promise me.” Begged George.
“All the men inside Wigwam were calm and friendly towards each other. That meeting did not last long.” Replied U.
“U, how did the meeting end exactly?” Asked George suddenly.
“When the last man left I remember hearing the name, John .C Breckenridge. And every man that left did so in a good spirit – either smiling, singing or whistling.” Answered U.
“That man, Mr. John Breckenridge – what impression did you get from him? Do you think he is a good man? ” Asked George.
“The other men refer to him – Mr. Breckenridge as vice – president. So I would say that he must be a decent man.”Answered U.
“But my friend, it was very peculiar.” Continued U.
“Why, what would make you say that?” Asked George with curiosity.
“It seemed that Mr. Breckenridge didn’t want to be nominated as a candidate for the Southern Democrats. He objected very loudly to his nomination – yet ten people placed their vote for him.” Answered U.
“Oh, dear – trust my words this doesn’t bide well.” Whispered George.
“Certainly not, the spirits predict uncertain times and a never before seen bloodshed,” U said in an ominous voice.
He had barely finished his sentence when dark clouds appeared in the sky and a violent storm was soon noticed in the horizon. The birds had stopped singing and was no longer heard. The only noticeable sound came from the nearby trees branches when the leaves were lifted by the wind. George got cold chills when a gust of colder air followed.
As the Republicans managed to deliver their Presidental candidate without any turmoil, disagreement or tears the Democrats realized they would have to hold a third and final convention hoping for another outcome. A rumor of third National Democrat Convention begun to spread among the members of the Southern Democrats…
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Rough draft

The streets, were usually empty this time of night yet for the past few months city had not been its usual self. The sound of flying rocks and snowballs were sounded, the soldiers had got used to. The air was cold, the soldiers breaths was seen, some of them shivered despite the fact that they were dressed in the Royal Army’s heavy uniform.

“No taxation without representation,” a man called out but began to shake his teeth, “I said there should be no taxation without representation, and lifted his closed fist up over his head.
The soldiers gathered closer together and unison lifted their muskets but not before one of them fired a warning shoot up high into the air. Soon the sound of the ringing church bell caused more people to step outside into the street defying the cold night.
Unisonally the soldiers began firing blindly into the crowd. C feared for his brother, especially as C would be held responsible as he had summoned the angry locals to join him outside the Customs House. C tried to jostle his brother out of harm’s way the moment the first bullet was fired. Of course, his brother took no notice of his efforts, he refused to budge. When the bullets came flying C immediately threw himself in front of Crispus hoping his brother would be left unharmed. A few bullets nudged his shoulders and arms, C cried out and fell face forward down into the street, his left arm went up to touch his wounded chest.
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The first sentence

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First scentence of Wuthering Heights

I have just returned from a visit to my landlord—the solitary neighbour that I shall be troubled with.

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